Jane Jacobs


Jane Jacobs

School of General Studies

Columbia University

116th St & Broadway
New York, NY 10027


Bottom-Up Community Planning

Jacobs contested the traditional planning approach that relies on the judgment of outside experts, proposing that local expertise is better suited to guiding community development. She based her writing on empirical experience and observation, noting how the prescribed government policies for planning and development are usually inconsistent with the real-life functioning of city neighborhoods. [Project for Public Spaces](https://www.pps.org/reference/jjacobs-2/)